In Brazil, there is still much to be done in early childhood education.
With regard to the pedagogical plan, one can observe in the last decade an intense movement of debate about thespecificity pedagogical work in this segment. Overcoming this scenario requires education researchers to what should be the role of educationacademic development and promotion of the child's human development..
According Jean Piaget, the most influential name in the field of education during the second half of the nineteenth century, children's thinking goes through four stages, from birth to early adolescence, when the full capacity for reasoning is attained. Child does not reason as an adult and only gradually inserts himself into the rules, values, and symbols of psychological maturity. This insertion occurs through two mechanisms: assimilation and accommodation.
The first is to incorporate objects from the outside world into preexisting mental schemas. Already the accommodation refers to modifications of the systems of assimilation by influence of the external world.
Piaget's findings have had a great impact on pedagogy, but to some extent have demonstrated that the transmission of knowledge is a limited possibility. If, on the one hand, you can not make a child learn what he can not yet absorb, on the other hand, even if he has these conditions, he will not be interested except in content that is lacking in cognitive terms.
If the knowledge is given by discoveries that the child himself - learning is built by the student himself. So, educating is provoke activity - that is, to stimulate the search for knowledge.
When it is proposed to the teacher to stimulate, accompany, orient and share knowledge, one does not want to reduce their interference in the classroom to mere participation. It is a follow-up to the child development process and its findings. From anaturalization development of children's development that does not ignore the role of the educational process in the very formation of the child's desires, interests and needs and, more than that, articulates with anaturalization of social relations in general. The teacher will always have the command.
So what should change?
What must change is how to arouse in each child the curiosity and will to learn.